Works Cited Why are discourse communities important? A crash code is common in a medical facility. Codes are a way of announcing a situation to the medical staff without alarming the patients or visitors.
There are many theories on how these processes work, ranging from rational choice approaches to arguments influenced by Marxism. In this post, I will introduce you to one influential approach, called discourse theory.
What this theory is about, and what a discourse actually is, is not always easy to understand: This post is meant to help you if you are new to the field and want to get your bearings. I will introduce several definitions of discourse, and will discuss how they relate to various theoretical concepts.
In the process, you will meet the key founder of this approach, Michel Foucault, as well as important researchers who work in the field.
And of course I will also share my own views on discourse theory with you. If you are simply looking for a quick overview of the topic, then this video introduction may be useful to you. However, to scholars, discourse is far more than this.
Discourse can encompass all forms of communication. This is a controversial thing to assume, particularly if you are a scientific realist who is interested in exploring the natural world and finding facts through scientific tools.
Personally, I do not think that discourse theory is anti-scientific, and in fact think that there are many parallels to cognitive science, but that is a discussion for another post. In the side-box, you can see how some of the leading experts explain discourse.
Take a look at these different definitions. What different discourse theories have in common In general, discourse theory is concerned with human expressions, often in the form of language. It highlights how such expressions are linked to human knowledge. A shared argument is that the things people say or write draw from a pool of generally accepted knowledge in a society, while at the same time feeding back into society to shape or reinforce such knowledge.
What a society therefore holds to be true changes over time, depending on the ideas that members of a society exchange, and on the way in which such exchange happens. Certain persons may be in a particularly strong position to define what is true, while others may be excluded from the discussion.
For instance, think about the different status that health advice might have when it comes from an experienced, male medical doctor compared to when it comes from your grandmother. Even though you may not know the doctor very well, your view of his social status, of his training, and of his gender all shape how you make sense of his advice.
In other words, discourse theory is concerned with questions of power, and often with questions of institutional hierarchies. The father of discourse theory: Michel Foucault Many of the commonalities I have listed above go back to the most famous discourse theorist: Foucault, to put it simply, was convinced that the world we live in is structured by knowledge, or in other words: He questioned how objective the truths these disciplines produce actually are.
This is why his early work is often referred to as structuralist.About us. John Benjamins Publishing Company is an independent, family-owned academic publisher headquartered in Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
More. Introduction. 1 Did the historical Ptahhotep write the Maxims of Good Discourse?. 2 Philological & Historical remarks and options.. Papyrus Prisse, the British Museum Papyri and the Carnarvon Tablet. lexicon of major concepts, notes to the text, plain text, hieroglyphic text Hermeneutics of Ancient Egyptian.
A few points of importance concerning the Memphite Kingdom. The Wuhan Gang & The Chungking Gang, i.e., the offsprings of the American missionaries, diplomats, military officers, 'revolutionaries' & Red Saboteurs and the "Old China Hands" of the s and the herald-runners of the Dixie Mission of the s.
Discourse Community Analysis/Ethnography If your assignment focuses on a single discourse community, please watch the video below. It will provide an explanation of the focus of this assignment, tips on finding sources, and suggestions on analyzing the sources you find. Connect with your customers across communities, countries and continents with lausannecongress2018.com domain name.
Classroom Discourse: The Language of Teaching and Learning [Courtney Cazden] on lausannecongress2018.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. When Courtney Cazden wrote Classroom Discourse, she provided such a cogent picture of what the research tells us about classroom language that the book quickly became a classic and shaped an entire field of study.