Share via Email Katherine Howe:
A depiction of two witches raising a hailstorm. But the origins of witchcraft prosecution can be traced back to Europe centuries prior, when pre-Reformation courts first induced criminals to admit to heresy and witchcraft to exert social control through displays of harsh and often violent punishment.
The Rise of Witchcraft Persecution, Considering how and why the three cities in question took different paths with regard to witchcraft persecution, Stokes highlights how the concept of witchcraft as a legally condemnable crime emerged from the intersection of religion and indigenous belief in magic, superstition and necromancy.
Her work sheds light on how social and religious forces are capable of breeding persecution, informing how we should consider the persecution of witches as it exists today in various parts of the world. How did you become interested in the history of witchcraft prosecution? I first encountered the history of witchcraft as an undergraduate at Reed College, as I searched for a topic for my senior thesis.
I was interested in the social dynamics of persecution and in deviance as a constructed category. That thesis turned out to be the opening of a door rather than a finished project in itself. Witchcraft persecution is a very complex historical phenomenon, the understanding of which requires one to be versed in three forms of law both in theory and practicetheology and religious history, as well as a wide array of political and social phenomena.
After ten more years of study, I was ready to write a book on the subject. What is significant about the distinction you make between "witchcraft" and "diabolic witchcraft? Diabolic witchcraft is a specific, historical concept.
It is the one that drove the early modern European witch hunts, and as such is justly infamous. Witchcraft, when broadly defined, is a concept which appears in nearly every human society.
Witches are still persecuted in the world today, often with extreme violence. If historians are to have anything to offer to this pressing human rights issue, they need to find a way to make the specific experience of Europeans pertinent to the rest of the world.
Viewing the European phenomenon with a broader lens is part of this process, and it turns out also to enrich our understanding of European witchcraft.
The assumption that diabolism was the defining feature of early modern witchcraft blinds us to the non-diabolic, indigenous concepts of witchcraft that lay at the roots of the persecutions. What led to you to focus on those particular cities?
The book deals with an early phase of European witchcraft prosecution and, for this reason, most of the potential case studies come from the Swiss region. The phenomenon of the diabolic witch and the early modern practice of witchcraft prosecution originated in the region of what is today western Switzerland around the year From that geographical origin, the beliefs and practices that fueled both prosecutions and witch hunts spread most effectively from one region to adjacent regions.
Below is an essay on "Salem Witch Trials, Gender" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples. As colonial Massachusetts began to recuperate from the recent King Philip's War, which ravaged though the majority of New England, another event was just . Watch video · The infamous Salem witch trials began during the spring of , after a group of young girls in Salem Village, Massachusetts, claimed to be possessed by . Salem Village and Salem Town were in a period of great political tension. During this time, the Putnam family owned most of the farmland in Salem Village and wanted to become separate from Salem Town, the nearby thriving seaport on which the other villagers .
Although rumors of the "new sect of the witches" appears to have inspired isolated witch hunts in such far flung places as Arras in northern France, most of the fifteenth century witch trials took place in a fairly narrow geographical region. Witch-hunts did not exist in Europe before the mid-fifteenth century.
What conditions fostered the concept of the witch-hunt?
Over the course of about two centuries, European clergy went from condemning witchcraft beliefs as "superstitious" to sharing them and elaborating them into the concept of the diabolic witch. Why did this happen?
|Context & Origins of the Salem Witch Trials||So how did the witch-hunts come into motion? Well, typically accusations stemmed from the act of maleficium, and in other areas across the globe, predominantly North America, there was a greater focus on diabolism; both of which had implications in terms of both the administration and scale of the hunts.|
|Fits and contortions||Witch hunts The events in Salem in were but one chapter in a long story of witch hunts that began in Europe between and and ended in the late 18th century with the last known execution for witchcraft taking place in Switzerland in|
In part, it was due to the influence of magic within clerical circles, where esoteric knowledge derived in part from the Arabic world was cobbled together with quasi-magical elements of popular religious practice to create the art of necromancy.
The popularity of necromancy among the narrow upper crust of learned men contributed to their belief that magic was likely to be real, and provided the fabric for fears of secret attack.
These fears were particularly strong among the high clergy during the fraught years of the great Western schism, when two popes vied for control of Europe. The schism was resolved in the early fifteenth century, but left a profound dispute over the seat of power within the church.
Meanwhile, the development of the medieval inquisitions had led to the creation of guides for the discovery and persecution of heresy. These guides, in the manner of medieval religious writing, aimed to systematize knowledge and to explain how apparently quite disparate elements fit within a single, coherent Christian worldview.Salem Witch Trials The Salem Witch Trials start in Massachusetts during the 's when 3 sick girls are said to be affected by witch craft.
The first three women the girls blamed of witchcraft were Tituba, Sarah Goode, and Sarah Osborne. S11 E1 Changing of the Guard With winter bearing down on the Arctic, Alaskans race to prepare themselves and their homesteads before the freeze overtakes the land.
The Trial of Martha Corey. Friday March 11, was a day of fasting and prayer in Salem. During the day the community's minister, the Rev. Samuel Parris, asked the girls to reveal another witch. Josephine)Colburn!! 1) Gender)and)the)Salem)Witchcraft)Trials) The)Salem)Witchcraft)Trials)of))were)iconic)events)inAmericanHistory.)They)have).
While far fewer women were accused of witchcraft and sentenced to death in North America, the Salem witch trials that occurred between and have inspired a great deal of art and debate. However, the Salem witch trials was a shifting time when women were stepping out of those bounds and given more power than before.
This event left a mark on history and women’s roles in a Puritan lifestyle.