Would you like to merge this question into it? MERGE already exists as an alternate of this question. Would you like to make it the primary and merge this question into it? MERGE exists and is an alternate of.
Each style grows out of the styles that came before it. Every great artist adds to the accomplishments of earlier painters and influences later painters. We can enjoy a painting for its beauty alone.
Its lines, forms, colors, and composition arrangement of parts may appeal to our senses and linger in our memories. But enjoyment of art increases as we learn when and why and how it was created. A painting always describes something.
It may describe the artist's impression of a scene or person. It also describes the artist's feelings about the art of painting itself. Suppose, for example, the artist paints a picture of the birth of Venus, the Roman goddess of love—a subject that has been used many times.
The viewer may not learn anything new about the subject from the more recent version that could not have been learned from the older one. Why, then, do painters bother to depict the same scene again?
The answer is that they want to tell us something new about the way the scene can be painted. In a way, the artist is saying, "I have painted the birth of Venus as no other artist before me has painted it.
Many factors have influenced the history of painting. Geography, religion, national characteristics, historic events, the development of new materials—all help to shape the artist's vision.
Throughout history, painting has mirrored the changing world and our ideas about it. In turn, artists have provided some of the best records of the development of civilization, sometimes revealing more than the written word.
Prehistoric Painting Cave dwellers were the earliest artists. Colored drawings of animals, dating from about 30, to 10, B. Many of these drawings are amazingly well preserved because the caves were sealed up for many centuries.
Early people drew the wild animals that they saw all around them. Very crude human figures, drawn in lifelike positions, have been found in Africa and eastern Spain. The cave artists filled the cave walls with drawings in rich, bright colors.
Some of the most beautiful paintings are in the Cave of Altamira, in Spain. One detail shows a wounded bison, no longer able to stand—probably the victim of a hunter.
It is painted in reddish brown and outlined simply but skillfully in black. The pigments used by cave painters were earth ochers iron oxides varying in color from light yellow to deep orange and manganese a metallic element.
These were crushed into a fine powder, mixed with grease perhaps animal fatand put on with some sort of brush. Sometimes the pigments were used in sticks, like crayons. The grease mixed with the powdered pigments made the paint fluid and the pigment particles stick together.
The cave dwellers must have made brushes out of animal hairs or plants, and sharp tools out of flint for drawing and scratching lines.
As far back as 30, years ago, people had invented the basic tools and materials for painting.
Techniques and materials were refined and improved in the centuries following. But the discoveries of the cave dweller remain basic to painting. Egyptian and Mesopotamian Painting B. One of the first civilizations was developed in Egypt. From the written records and the art left by the Egyptians, much about their way of living is known.
They believed that the body must be preserved so that the soul may live on after death. The great pyramids were elaborate tombs for rich and powerful Egyptian rulers. Much Egyptian art was created for the pyramids and tombs of kings and other important people.Part of the joy of painting in the 21st century is the range of available art styles.
The late 19th and 20th centuries saw artists make huge leaps in painting styles. Many changes were influenced by technological advances, such as the invention of the metal paint tube and photography, as well as changes in social conventions, politics, and philosophy, along with world events.
History of photography, method of recording the image of an object through the action of light, or related radiation, on a light-sensitive material. The word, derived from the Greek photos (“light”) and graphein (“to draw”), was first used in the s.
Today portraiture is once again a healthy and vital discipline in the art world. While there are quite a few nontraditional approaches out there, many artists are returning to traditional techniques to address contemporary issues, and more people are painting portraits than ever.
The history of painting is a never-ending chain that began with the very first pictures ever made. Each style grows out of the styles that came before it. Every great artist adds to the accomplishments of earlier painters and influences later painters.
Money-back guarantees – you are covered % under our policy! History of Portraiture: Changes in Styles and Techniques and do not necessarily reflect the views of UK Essays. The immemorial fascination of man’s own image and of those of his fellow human beings arose a desire in men to attempt and embellish his likeliness into a physical medium.