Characteristics, structure and resources of the sector Summary Fisheries in India is a very important economic activity and a flourishing sector with varied resources and potentials. Only after the Indian Independence, has fisheries together with agriculture been recognized as an important sector. The vibrancy of the sector can be visualized by the 11—fold increase that India achieved in fish production in just six decades, i.
Historical Background The State of Jammu and Kashmir is ideally suited for rearing of sheep and goats owing to its favourable agro-climatic conditions, rich alpine pastures and host of other natural endowments.
Sheep and goat rearing is the core activity of rural masses in the State and plays a vital role in socio- economic upliftment of weaker sections of the society viz; Gujjars, Bakerwals, Chopans, Gaddies and Changpas.
The Gujjars and Bakerwals have adopted the sheep and goat rearing as their primary occupation from times immemorial and prefer to migrate in search of pastures to feed their livestock. Prior to independence, no distinct breed of sheep was available in the State except a few recognized local breeds viz.
Karnahi, Gurezi, Kashmir Valley, Gaddi and Baderwahi which were having low productivity both in respect of wool and mutton. The livestock was mostly pigmented with low economic traits.
In order to obtain more yields, it was necessary to improve the genetic content of the local sheep breeds. Barker of Leeds University England to suggest measures for improving the genetic content of the native sheep breeds. Barker visited the State in and after assessing geo-climatic conditions of the State and technical feasibility, he recommended importation of specific breeds and their trials for cross breeding.
The proposal was considered in and one Sheep Breeding Company known as Kashmir Sheep Farm Private Limited was established with its headquarter at Banihal which is at a distance of about Kms from the Srinagar City.
Following the recommendations, a Sheep Breeding and Research Wing was added to this company. After erecting some sheep sheds and staff quarters on the pasture lands of Banihal, the company framed modus-operandi for sending sheep to high land pastures situated at to ft.
By crossing local ewes with the Merino rams under constant supervision of the researchers, a good generation of FI and F2 was obtained in However, the whole State was upset due to tribal invasion in and the progress achieved hither-to-fore plunged into shambles.
After independence inthe developmental activities related to sheep and goats were carried out in the State under the auspices of Animal Husbandry Department.
Bhatacharya a noted veterinarian of the country.
After liquidation of the Sheep Breeding Company inDr. Besides reviving the Breeding Plan, Dr. Bandey succeeded in importing some fine wool breeds in The scheme envisaged cross breeding of local sheep with Rambouillete and continued upto March After termination the ICAR scheme, the State Government decided to switch over to the Rambouillete pure breeding at the farm with a view to rapidly exploiting the achievements of cross breeding by production of large number of fine wool rams for distribution to other Government farms and among private flocks.
For systematic trial and research of genetic potential, it was essential to have congenial and favorable environment. The setting up of a bigger farm in the Kashmir Valley on the pattern of Reasi farm was taken up in hand and the area surrounding Dachigam Rakh in District Srinagar was found ideal for the purpose.
Merino graded livestock was transferred from Banihal to Dachigam farm and work on development of Kashmir Merino breed was intensified. Inception of the Department In order to ensure the development of livestock on scientific lines and for ensuring consistency and specialisation in the field of sheep, goat and small animal development, the need for establishment of a separate department was felt necessary.
The need was further reinforced by the fact that the geo- climatic conditions of the State necessitate its inhabitants to use animal protein and fibre. Accordingly inSheep Breeding and Development Department was carved out of Animal Husbandry Department to look after the development of sheep husbandry sector in the State and Dr.
Koul Joint Director became the first head of the newly established Department. Major expansion of the department took place during early seventies when two posts of Dy.
Two fine wool sheep farms at Kralpathri and Daksum also came up during the same time. At Shuhama, a nucleus farm for production of mutton sheep was also established which was later on transferred to Sheri-Kashmir University of Agriculture Sciences and Technology in connection with establishment of Veterinary Science College.
In the yearthe Department of Sheep Husbandry was bifurcated into two parts and accordingly two separate Departments of Sheep Husbandry one for Kashmir and another for Jammu came into existence. As a result of this bifurcation, the sheep husbandry sector got sharp focus at provincial level.
The Department of Sheep Husbandry Kashmir, having its area of operation in Kashmir Division comprising of six districts of Kashmir Valley and two districts of Ladakh, witnessed vast organisational expansion both vertically and horizontally. At present, the Department has a staff organisation consisting of various subject matter specialists and two major line organisations one looking after the farms and the other field extension activities.
Each organisation is headed by a Joint Director. In the area of farm management, the Joint Director Farms is assisted by senior level officers to run the nineteen farms established so far in Kashmir Division.The Minister was informed that the department of fisheries has started trial in cage farming by installing cages at Dal Lake, Manasbal Lake and RanjitSagar Dam.
The preliminary results have been overwhelming with cages in Dal lake producing tonne of fish last year. This year the production is expected to reach five tonne. Srinagar, the ancient capital of Jammu and Kashmir, lies alongside Dal Lake] and is famous for its canals and houseboats.
Srinagar, with an altitude of feet ( meters) served as a favored summer capital for many foreign conquerors who found the heat of . Did you know that the Tulip Garden by the Dal Lake is Asia’s biggest Tulip garden?
comes straight to business.
Fisheries in India is a very important economic activity and a flourishing sector with varied resources and potentials. Only after the Indian Independence, has fisheries together with agriculture been recognized as an important sector. Duck farming is very popular and absolutely a lucrative business. Ducks are highly available around the world. There are numerous meat and egg productive duck breeds available throughout the world. All the present domestic ducks around the glove come from the . On July 11, the German backpacker checked out of his hotel in the Zanskar valley in Kashmir and set off on the road towards Kargil. Ahead of him the spectacular twin peaks of Nun and Kun towered over the monastery, or "gompa", at Rangdum.
Directing my attention to a stack of photo frames, he begins, “Our roots lie in saffron farming. My grandfather grew saffron, his son grew saffron after him, and now,” he gestures to himself.
Plan . The setting up of a bigger farm in the Kashmir Valley on the pattern of Reasi farm was taken up in hand and the area surrounding Dachigam Rakh in District Srinagar was found ideal for the purpose.
Accordingly in , Sheep Breeding and Research Farm Dachigam came into existence. Indian climate is very suitable for setting up sheep farming business in India. Sheep farming require little investment and we can get the returns of investment within a very short period. Sheep farming in India can be a great source of handsome income for the marginal and landless farmers.
There are numerous sheep breeds are available in our . Duck farming is very popular and absolutely a lucrative business.
Ducks are highly available around the world. There are numerous meat and egg productive duck breeds available throughout the world. All the present domestic ducks around the glove come from the .