Article Wikipedia article Paul Cezanne was a post-impressionist painter who created the bridge between impressionism and cubism, and is said to be the artistic father of both Matisse and Picasso. Although he was dissuaded by his father at an early age to pursue his passions in painting, he left his hometown of Provence for Paris, in It was there that he met Camille Pisarro, a popular impressionist painter, who served as his mentor and guide.
He was strongly encouraged to make this decision by Zola, who was already living in the capital at the time. Over the course of the following decade their landscape painting excursions together, in Louveciennes and Pontoiseled to a collaborative working relationship between equals.
Later in his career, he became more interested in working from direct observation and gradually developed a light, airy painting style.
Throughout his life he struggled to develop an authentic observation of the seen world by the most accurate method of representing it in paint that he could find.
To this end, he structurally ordered whatever he perceived into simple forms and colour planes. His statement "I want to make of impressionism something solid and lasting like the art in the museums",  and his contention that he was recreating Poussin "after nature" underscored his desire to unite observation of nature with the permanence of classical composition.
He continued to submit works to the Salon until In that year, through the intervention of fellow artist Antoine Guillemethe exhibited Portrait de M.
In later years a few individual paintings were shown at various venues, untilwhen the Parisian dealer, Ambroise Vollardgave the artist his first solo exhibition.
He concentrated on a few subjects and was equally proficient in each of these genres: Like the landscapes, his portraits were drawn from that which was familiar, so that not only his wife and son but local peasants, children and his art dealer served as subjects.
His still lifes are at once decorative in design, painted with thick, flat surfaces, yet with a weight reminiscent of Gustave Courbet.
The 'props' for his works are still to be found, as he left them, in his studio atelierin the suburbs of modern Aix. In Henri Rochefort visited the auction of paintings that had been in Zola's possession and published on 9 March in L'Intransigeant a highly critical article entitled "Love for the Ugly".
He was taken home by a passing driver. The artists of the refused works included the young Impressionistswho were considered revolutionary. His works of this period  are characterized by dark colours and the heavy use of black. He later called these works, mostly portraits, une couillarde "a coarse word for ostentatious virility".
He was declared a draft dodger in Januarybut the war ended the next month, in February, and the couple moved back to Paris, in the summer of The artist received from his father a monthly allowance of francs.
Inhe attracted the attention of the collector Victor Chocquetwhose commissions provided some financial relief. This was on the upper floor, and an enlarged window was provided, allowing in the northern light but interrupting the line of the eaves. This feature remains today.
He painted with Renoir there in and visited Renoir and Monet in Along with the work of Vincent van Gogh and Paul Gauguin, the work of Cézanne, with its sense of immediacy and incompletion, critically influenced Matisse and others prior to Fauvism and Expressionism.
After Cézanne died in , his paintings were exhibited in a large museum-like retrospective in Paris, September Paul Cézanne: Paul Cézanne, French painter, one of the greatest of the Post-Impressionists, whose works and ideas were influential in the aesthetic development of many 20th-century artists and art movements, especially Cubism.
Cézanne’s art, misunderstood and discredited by the public during most of his life. From The Metropolitan Museum of Art, Paul Cézanne, Still Life with Apples and a Pot of Primroses (ca. ), Oil on canvas, 28 3/4 × 36 3/8 in.
Watch video · Early Life. Famed painter Paul Cézanne was born on January 19, , in Aix-en-Provence (also known as Aix), France. His father, Philippe Born: Jan 19, Paul Cézanne was born in Aix-en-Provence, France, on January 19, His father, Philippe Auguste, was the cofounder of a successful banking firm, which afforded Cézanne financial security that was unavailable to most of his fellow artists.
In Cézanne entered the Collège Bourbon, where he. Cézanne's paintings were shown in the first exhibition of the Salon des Refusés in , which displayed works not accepted by the jury of the official Paris Salon.
The Salon rejected Cézanne's submissions every year from to He continued to submit works to the Salon until Danchev, Alex () Paul Cézanne: A Life, Education: Académie Suisse, Aix-Marseille University.